How to Detect a Water Leak

LEAK DETECTION BROCHURE and the LEAK DETECTION CHECKLIST

If your water usage is higher than usual, please follow these steps as part of leak detection:
 
Step #1 At the end of the day, read the water meter, most likely in the basement, and note all numbers on the face of the meter. Before using any water in the morning, re-read the water meter. If there is any difference in the reading, a leak is possible.
 
Step #2 Check all toilets for leaks by putting household dye tablets or a few drops of food coloring in the back of the toilet storage tank. Wait for about an hour and If any dye color appears in the bowl, check the rubber stop in the storage tank for cracks and replace.
 
Step #3 If toilet does not have any leaks, check all faucets for leaks.
 
Step #4 If you have any outbuildings connected to the household plumbing system or a garden serviced by an underground faucet, shut them off and follow the instructions under step #1 and see if water meter reading is the same in the morning as it was the previous evening. If there is no change in the reading with the outside buildings shut off, then it indicates that you have a leak in the underground system to the garden or outbuildings.
 
By following the above steps, you can pinpoint areas where leaks can occur.
Water Usage Table
TypeNormal UseConservation Use
Shower water running - 25 gallons wet down, soap up, rinse off - 4 gallons
Tub Bath full - 36 gallons minimal water level - 10 to 12 gallons
Washing hands tap running - 2 gallons fill basin - 1 gallon
Brushing teeth tap running - 10 gallons wet brush, rinse briefly - 1/2 gallon
Shaving tap running - 20 gallons fill basin 1 gallon
Toilet flushing up to 7 gallons per flush replace with low-flow toilet - 1.6 gallons
Dishwashing tap running - 30 gallons wash & rinse in dishpan or sink - 5 gallons
Automatic Dishwasher full cycle - 16 gallons short cycle - 7 gallons
Washing machine traditional model up to 54 gallons water conserve models up to 27 gallons
Outdoor watering average hose - 10 gallons per minute lowest priority - eliminate