How to Detect a Water Leak
If your water usage is higher than usual, please follow these steps as part of leak detection:
Step #1 At the end of the day, read the water meter, most likely in the basement, and note all numbers on the face of the meter. Before using any water in the morning, re-read the water meter. If there is any difference in the reading, a leak is possible.
Step #2 Check all toilets for leaks by putting household dye tablets or a few drops of food coloring in the back of the toilet storage tank. Wait for about an hour and If any dye color appears in the bowl, check the rubber stop in the storage tank for cracks and replace.
Step #3 If toilet does not have any leaks, check all faucets for leaks.
Step #4 If you have any outbuildings connected to the household plumbing system or a garden serviced by an underground faucet, shut them off and follow the instructions under step #1 and see if water meter reading is the same in the morning as it was the previous evening. If there is no change in the reading with the outside buildings shut off, then it indicates that you have a leak in the underground system to the garden or outbuildings.
By following the above steps, you can pinpoint areas where leaks can occur.
Water Usage Table
|Type||Normal Use||Conservation Use|
||water running - 25 gallons
||wet down, soap up, rinse off - 4 gallons
||full - 36 gallons
||minimal water level - 10 to 12 gallons
||tap running - 2 gallons
||fill basin - 1 gallon
||tap running - 10 gallons
||wet brush, rinse briefly - 1/2 gallon
||tap running - 20 gallons
||fill basin 1 gallon
||up to 7 gallons per flush
||replace with low-flow toilet - 1.6 gallons
||tap running - 30 gallons
||wash & rinse in dishpan or sink - 5 gallons
||full cycle - 16 gallons
||short cycle - 7 gallons
||traditional model up to 54 gallons
||water conserve models up to 27 gallons
||average hose - 10 gallons per minute
||lowest priority - eliminate
Also see the Lead Detection Brochure (.pdf) and the Leak Detection Checklist (.pdf)