Water Rules & Regulations

Section 6:  Requirements & Specifications for Laying Water Mains

6.1       Materials and Installations

All materials to be used in conjunction with any and all water mains and installations of the same shall be in strict accordance with these “Specifications for Water Mains and Service Installation” of these regulations. All water mains and appurtenances shall be installed by the Department employees or a Contractor who has been approved by the Department.

6.2       Pipe Size

All water mains shall be sized by the Department in conjunction with the Master Plan of the distribution system, or as calculated by the Department or its consulting engineers.  All new water mains shall have the minimum diameter of eight (8) inches.  Piping for hydrant services shall have the minimum diameter of six (6) inches.

6.3       Fire Hydrant Spacing

Fire hydrants shall be spaced at a minimum distance of 500 feet in residential zoned areas; 250 feet in commercial, business, and industrial zoned areas. The Fire Chief can request a different spacing standard depending on the situation. The applicant must show proof that the Fire Chief has approved all proposed fire hydrant locations. Measurements shall be taken along traveled way, whether public or private.   Space and additional fire hydrants shall begin at the closest existing hydrant. An additional fire hydrant shall be placed at the dead end of all water mains.

6.4       Fire Hydrant Access

No person shall obstruct access to a fire hydrant.  Fire hydrants shall have a three-foot clear radius measured from the center of the stem of the top of the hydrant. No foliage, fencing, parking space, or other object shall obstruct the clear area. No person may landscape to change the grade around the base of the hydrant so as to prevent the use of a four inch cap. Location where existing objects such as, but not limited to,  buildings, walls, fences, trees, on sloping grades that does not permit a three (3) foot  clearance radius, may be granted a waiver by the Water Department. Before any waiver of this Regulation is granted, all other possible locations must be considered.  Existing hydrant locations shall not be altered or moved for any reason unless determined by the Superintendent.

6.5       Cost of Water Mains and Hydrants

In private division of lands, commercial, business or industrial complexes, and all other areas not presently serviced by Harwich water system, the developer or owner shall be responsible for all costs with regard to water main installation(s), hydrants and connection(s) to existing system and or maintenance of already installed water mains and hydrants. All water mains shall be installed to the furthest property line.

6.6       Need for Water Mains

The developer or owner of a division of land where water is available within 500 feet will be required to serve and supply the development with water in accordance with these regulations.  Any property that has existing public water service and is a division of land, the developer or owner will be required to upgrade the water mains and services to comply with these rules and regulations before the transfer of any parcel. Industrial, commercial, condominiums or multi-family residential, and like buildings that are not a division of land shall be reviewed by the Water Superintendent and the Fire Chief on an individual basis. They shall still be governed by these Rules and Regulations and be required to install and maintain water mains and fire hydrants.

6.7       Application for Water Main Installations

An application for water main installation shall be completed by the developer or owner and submitted to the Department for review and approval before any work can proceed. All applications must contain the complete information requested and an engineered construction plan prepared by a Massachusetts Registered Professional Engineer.  Payment of all required tapping fees, and installation fees including the service availability charge and any other fees established by the Board of Water/Wastewater Commissioners shall be made at the time of application.

Water main installations must be performed by an approved contractor listed on the Department’s certified Water Main Installer list.  Water main inspections must be performed by an approved inspector listed on the Department’s certified Water Main Inspector list. 

Contractors and/or Inspectors interested in becoming certified, must first submit a letter of interest, credentials, certificates of insurance and three letters of reference for similar work performed in nearby, surrounding towns, to the Board of Water/Wastewater Commissioners for approval.  Once approved, the contractor and/or inspector must complete 3 water main installations and/or inspections within the town of Harwich during a probationary timeframe. Upon the successful completion of 3 jobs that meet or exceed the Department’s expectations, the contractor and/or inspector will be added to the certified list of Water Main Installers and/or certified Water Main Inspectors.

6.8       Pipe and Fittings

All water main pipes shall conform in design and manufactured to the latest issue.

ANSI/AWWA standard C151-91 Class 52 “Ductile-Iron pipe, Centrifugal cast, for water or other liquids”.  The pipes shall be supplied in lengths not to exceed 20 feet. Pipe shall have a pressure class of 300.

All fittings shall be Ductile-Iron and conform in design and manufactured to the latest issue of AWWA standard C110 “ductile-Iron and Gray-Iron fittings, 3 ins. through 48 in. for water and other liquids”.

All pipe and fittings shall have a Cement-Mortar lining inside and a Bituminous Seal Coat applied both inside and outside to conform to AWWA C104, “Cement-Mortar lining for Ductile-Iron pipe and fittings for water”.

Push on and Mechanical joints shall be manufactured domestically and shall conform in design and manufactured to the latest issue of AWWA standard C111 “Rubber-Gasket joint for Ductile-Iron pressure pipe and fittings”.

6.9       Valves

All valves shall conform in design and manufactured to the latest issue of AWWA standard C500 “Resilient-Seated gate valves for water supply”, rated at 150-psi working pressure and a minimum 300-psi pressure test.

All valves shall have a 2-inch operating nut, mechanical joint hubs (except for wet taps), and open in a counter clockwise direction. If shallow depth of burial or other conditions of service requires that the valve be installed in a horizontal position, a nut-operated bevel gear shall be fitted to the valve for service operation through a valve box.

 6.10    Hydrants

Hydrants shall comply with the following: All hydrants shall have a permanently mounted marking device approved by the Department. 
All hydrants must meet applicable parts of ANSI/AWWA C502 standard.  In the event that a hydrant is not in service or temporarily taken out of service, the hydrant is to be clearly marked with an out of service ring and notification provided to the Fire Department.

6.11     Cover over Pipe

Pipe shall have five (5) feet of cover measured to finish grade of the street. Pipe to be hand covered one (1) foot with sand or stone free gravel and compacted and tamped around pipe to give good support and protection.

In case of any excavation, ground water swamps or when any unsuitable materials are encountered, the Contractor shall replace it with good material to provide proper support and alignment of the pipeline. In some cases, the Contractor shall use crushed stone for bedding covered with sand. Trench backfill shall be suitable material taken from excavation, approved common borrow or gravel hauled in. No mud, frozen earth, stones larger than 3/4” or other objectionable materials is to be used for refilling.

6.12     Ledge

All ledges shall be removed to width of two (2) feet or greater than the diameter of the pipe and one (1) foot below the underside of the pipe. A bed of sand shall be placed in the trench prior to laying pipe.

6.13     Blasting Precautions

All blasting shall be discussed with the Superintendent and or the Engineer’s and the decision shall be made on individual bases.

6.14     Survey Markers

Survey markers (line and grade) shall be required on all newly proposed streets. Pipes shall be laid within the roadway layout (easement in certain cases) as shown on plans approved by the Harwich Planning & Zoning Board.

6.15     Excavation within the Limits of Public Ways

Permission shall be obtained from the Highway Department before any excavation can begin within any Town way. Road restoration shall be completed in accordance with local or state regulations.  A street opening permit shall be obtained from Massachusetts Department of Public Works before any excavation can begin on any State Highway.  This work shall be performed in accordance with permit.

6.16     Service Pipes

Each service shall consist of a corporation stop, curb stop, curb box, ball valve and a meter and remote reader as soon as the water service enters building.

6.17     Testing of Water Mains

Before acceptance by the Department, the pipe shall be pressure tested and chlorinated in accordance with “Installation of Ductile-Iron Water Mains and Appurtenances” AWWA Designation C600 latest edition. No one shall pressure test or chlorinate an installation without notifying the Department at least 48 hours prior. An employee of the Department must be present for the duration of the pressure test and chlorination to witness and sign the chain of custody forms. All pressure test reports shall consist of actual distance of pipe and size, and the number of valves and hydrants. The Town shall furnish a water meter to measure water usage for disinfection and flushing. A sample of water taken after the disinfection of water pipes shall be delivered to a testing laboratory approved by the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. The contractor must then deliver two consecutive copies of the test results with zero background to the Superintendent. Before final approval is given by the Superintendent, the contractor must submit an as-built drawing to the Department. It is at this time the Superintendent shall then determine whether the pipes (project) may be accepted into the Town’s water system.

6.18     Tapping Sleeves & Valves: Gate & Butterfly Valves

Tapping sleeves & valves, gate and butterfly valves shall be furnished in accordance with the requirements of the latest revised AWWA Standards C509-94 and C504-94. Tapping sleeves and valves shall be of the same manufacturer. Gate valves 6” through 12” shall be mechanical joint, bronze mounted, resilient seat wedge type, open left (counterclockwise) with 2” operating nut.  For the purpose of standardization, tapping sleeves and valves, gate and butterfly valves shall be Mueller. 

6.19     Gate Boxes

Buffalo #5663 slide type 24” top with flange at top of box with 30” bottom. Boxes to be cast iron, bituminous coated with cast iron covers for heavy traffic use. Covers shall be identified with legend “WATER”.

6.20     Water Mains on Private Roads

It is the sole responsibility of the residents or owner(s) of private roads to repair and maintain all water mains and appurtenances, valves and hydrants.  It is also the responsibility of residents and or owner(s) to maintain sufficient amount of soil coverage over any water main. All water mains are required to maintain a minimum of a 5’ depth below finish grade at all times. The Department is not responsible for water mains on private roads.

6.21     Road Layout

Any privately owned pipes and or wires in the Town’s road layout are not the responsibility of the Department. Any items in the road layout that are damaged will not be paid for by the Town of Harwich.